Photonics, the science and technology of light, plays an increasing role in all aspects of human endeavour. The research groups forming the Photonics Laboratory work on advancing the fundamental knowledge of light interaction with novel materials and nanostructures, the development of photonic materials, devices and solutions addressing major scientific and societal challenges. For example, our research topics target new solutions for high-speed and energy-efficient manipulation of data, harvesting of solar energy, sensing of pollutants, process control, and next-generation medical tools. We unite complementary thematics creating the highest concentration of photonics research expertise in Finland.
Photonics has several M.Sc. level courses that are in the core of the Degree Programme in Photonics Technologies. Photonics is also one of the three possible study paths (alongside Aerosol Physics and Computational Physics) in the curriculum of Advanced Engineering Physics major of the M.Sc. Degree Programme in Science and Engineering. In addition to the aforementioned degree programmes, Photonics courses can be included in other programmes e.g. as electives.
The Photonics laboratory consists of 11 research groups forming the core of TAU’s strategic profiling area “Photonics technologies” and providing major advances in photonics science and technology for current and future challenges. The laboratory is a leading international research hub on light science and related technologies and is part of the open-access national roadmap infrastructure network. The Photonics laboratory research is world-class, with a high level of international recognition. Specifically, our optoelectronics activities hold a leading European position for epitaxy, nanostructuring, and integration of a wide range of III/V-semiconductors. We are also pioneers in nonlinear optics, metamaterials, and quantum optics and have internationally recognized expertise in ultrafast photonics. On the applications side, we have developed innovative solar energy technologies and new spectroscopic solutions with direct application and transfer to the industry. The spread of our multidisciplinary research covers the entire value chain of Photonics technologies, spanning from fundamental optical concepts to new materials and components with advanced functionalities, up to integrated solutions.
Most of the projects carried out in the Photonics Laboratory are funded by Academy of Finland, European Union, Business Finland, foundations or companies. We have close collaboration with other research institutes, authorities, and industrial partners through some of these projects. The recent and ongoing projects are listed below.
Tampere University has well-established micro- and nanofabrication facilities available for research and industrial R&D work. The Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences hosts two cleanrooms (ISO 5 and ISO 7) for nanomaterial and semiconductor device processing.
We also host five molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) systems equipped for the growth of all common GaAs, InP, and GaSb-based materials as well as more exotic III-V compounds.
Further, our Surface Science group operates various surface modification and analysis tools including photoelectron spectroscopy, photoemission electron microscopy and atomic layer deposition (ALD).
In addition to fabrication capabilities, Photonics research groups host 16 optical research rooms having various optical characterization and research instruments on vibration damped optical tables. The optical characterization methods include custom setups for nonlinear microscopy, nanoscale spectroscopy, fiber laser and supercontinuum development, single photon detection capabilities and many other advanced optical measurement techniques.
We are located next to Tampere Microscopy Center (TMC), which provides instruments and services for the analysis of materials and nanostructures for both research and industry.