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Burnout related practices and their implications in various countries

Tampere University
Duration of project1.12.2022–30.6.2024
Area of focusHealth, Society
Tietokoneen edessä istuva henkilö puristaa uupuneesti silmiään.

The aim of the project is to accumulate comprehensive knowledge on practices related to burnout diagnostics, preventative measures, treatment protocols and rehabilitation in various countries. On the basis of the results obtained we will assess how the diagnosing of burnout as a medical disorder will change burnout recognition and treatment in Finland and what preventative measures may be warranted.


In Finland, mental health and behavioral disorders are the most common reason for sickness allowance and disability pensions. At the same time, our understanding of burnout as a phenomenon, of the factors affecting it, its consequences as well as treatment measures and models are changing. At present, burnout is not defined as a disorder in Finland.

The aim of the project is to investigate:

  1. practices in various European countries related to burnout diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation
  2. what we know about the outcomes of different practices related to recovery from burnout, return to work (RTW) and participation in worklife
  3. what measures are taken in workplaces in burnout cases

Data and methods

The main method used is a case study. Data on burnout related practices in selected countries will be collected by utilizing project researchers’ international scientific networks. The countries of interest will be selected based on the diversity of practices and intervention models. The data collection method will comprise interviews, which will be recorded and subsequently transcribed. Furthermore, legal and other relevant documents from each country will be reviewed and utilized. 

Results and effectiveness

On the basis of results obtained we will report an evaluation of how diagnosing burnout as a disorder/disease will change individuals’, employers’, rehabilitation centres’ and other institutions’ practices in Finland. Furthermore, we will provide recommendations on measures to prevent and treat burnout in Finland as effectively as possible.

Project group

Professor Anne Mäkikangas, project leader (Tampere University)
Johanna Kausto, project leader (Työterveyslaitos)

Stela Salminen (Tampere University)
Riitta Sauni (Tampere University)
Jari Hakanen (The Finnish Institute of Occupational Health)
Mirkka Vuorento (The Finnish Institute of Occupational Health)



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Work Research Centre

Work Research Centre (WRC) brings together working life researchers across disciplines. WRC is located within the Faculty of Social Sciences. The aim of WRC is to promoting research in various aspects of work and working life as well as to support graduate and post-graduate training.