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Young person


Tampere University
Area of focusSociety

Despite the close interaction of the learning and health at learning outcomes and educational transitions, the fields have been largely studied separately and approaches have been different.

The main objective of this study has been to disclose the factors and processes affecting students’ learning, competence-building, health, and well-being from the end of primary education to the end of upper secondary education, and the role of these factors at different action levels: individual, class, school, and municipal policy.

The study will deepen our understanding of these intertwined mechanisms, and through comparing students’ developmental paths in different schools and classes offer examples of school-level practices to help students’ successful transition from lower to upper secondary education.

A cohort of 12 000 students have been followed from the beginning of lower secondary education to the end of the upper secondary school by surveys and registry data. The data (surveys, registries) have been collected in years 2011, 2014 ja 2016.

Research team

University of Helsinki: Centre for Educational Assessment: professor Risto Hotulainen and doctoral student Laura Kortesoja

Tampere University: Faculty of Social Sciences, Health Sciences: professor Arja Rimpelä, university lecturer Pirjo Lindfors, project researcher Jaana Kinnunen, researcher Paulyn Acacio-Claro; Faculty of Education: associate professor Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen

National Institute for Health and Welfare: Research professor Sakari Karvonen, chief specialist Timo Ståhl, specialist Vesa Saaristo



Kortesoja, L., Vainikainen, M-P., Hotulainen, R., Rimpelä, A., Dobewall, H., Lindfors, P., Karvonen, S., & Merikanto, I. (2020). Bidirectional Relationship of Sleep with Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties: A Five-year Follow-up of Finnish Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 49(6), 1277–1291.
Dobewall, H., Koivusilta, L., Karvonen, S., Lindfors, P., Kinnunen, Jaana M., Vainikainen, M-P., & Rimpelä, A. (2020). Late start of upper secondary education and health-compromising behaviours among Finnish adolescents—a follow-up study. European Journal of Public Health, 30(3), 438–443.
Dobewall, H., Lindfors, P., Karvonen, S., Koivusilta, L., Vainikainen, M-P., Hotulainen, R., & Rimpelä, A. (2019). Health and educational aspirations in adolescence: a longitudinal study in Finland. BMC Public Health, 19, 1447.
Minkkinen, J., Lindfors, P., Kinnunen, J.M., Finell, E., Vainikainen, M-P., Karvonen, S., & Rimpelä A. (2017). Health as a predictor of students’ academic achievement: a 3-level longitudinal study of Finnish adolescents. Journal of School Health, 87(12), 902–910.
Lindfors, P., Minkkinen, J., Rimpelä A., & R. Hotulainen (2018). Family and school social capital, school burnout and academic achievement: a multilevel longitudinal analysis among Finnish pupils. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 23(3), 368-381.
Salmela-Aro, K., Reed, S., Minkkinen, J., Kinnunen, J.M., & Rimpelä A. (2018). Immigrant status, gender, and school burnout in Finnish lower secondary school students: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 42(2), 225–236.
Finell, E., Tolvanen, A., Pekkanen, J., Minkkinen, J., Ståhl, T., & Rimpelä, A. (2018). Psychosocial Problems, Indoor Air-Related Symptoms, and Perceived Indoor Air Quality among Students in Schools without Indoor Air Problems: A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healt, 15, 1497. 

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