Jani Hakkarainen

University Lecturer, filosofia
Faculty of Social Sciences
| Sub unit: History, Philosophy and Literature

About me

I am Senior Lecturer (in the UK terms) at Tampere University, Finland. I work both on metaphysics (tropes, universals, relations), metametaphysics (ontological form, categories, fundamentality, grounding, explanation) and the philosophy of David Hume (1711-76). My metaphysical view is trope theory. In metametaphysics, I am developing an account of metaphysics following the formal ontological tradition stemming from Husserl via Peter Simons, Barry Smith and E.J. Lowe. Regarding Hume, I have defended a sceptical interpretation of his attitude to the external world. Recently, I have been working on Hume's metaphysics of properties, space and time. In addition, I have interests in social ontology and philosophy of sport.


Research, teaching (metaphysics, history of philosophy and epistemology in particular), student supervision and guidance, director of doctoral studies in philosophy

Fields of expertise

Areas of Specialization

• David Hume's (1711-76) philosophy (metaphysics, epistemology and scepticism in particular)

• metaphysics: tropes, universals, metaphysics of properties and relations, persistence, formal ontology (ontological form and categories)

• metametaphysics (subject matter of metaphysics and fundamentality in particular)

Areas of Competence 

• epistemology and metaphysics in the 17th and 18th century (“early modern”) philosophy

• epistemology

• history of skepticism

• metaphilosophy

• social ontology and social construction

• philosophy of team sports